Tillage Practices

  • Ensure A Consistent Soil Level: It’s important that soil is leveled across the field without any ridges or furrows.
  • Reduce Tractor Weight: High weight can lead to an increased density of topsoil, rut formation, and wheel track compaction.
  • Minimize Herbicide Use: Removing weeds using a harrow increases the amount of organic mulch in spice, this increases water retention and prevents soil erosion.
  • Choose The Right Time: Not tilling at the right time leads to a variety of problems.
  • Choose the right implement: the right harrow can help you pursue sustainable agriculture in your farm, soil can get an improved structure and increased carbon content, will also be easy to operate, help improve fuel efficiency and work speed
  • Do not over-till: Over-tilling will break down soil aggregates to fine particles, water doesn’t seep through fine particles and causes the formation of cracked soil, this formation does not allow air or water to permeate through them.
  • https://kellytillage.eu/tillage-tips-for-2020/

Moisture Levels

Adding Moisture 

(https://www.farmmanagement.pro/5-methods-of-manipulating-soil-moisture-levels/)

  • Spraying: Probably going to face problems with this method; aerial method of spraying is time efficient but not the best option, it is most susceptible to drift and evaporation and not very accurate; using a tractor is time consuming but the best option if you need to add moisture for the short term until wet weather picks back up
  • Drip Irrigation: This irrigation method is similar to having a network of sprinklers but better. It’s not cheap, but it’s the best solution to nourish dry fields, a structure of pipes set up will drip water and nutrient solution right to the base of each plant, reducing the chance for evaporation and delivering water only where it is needed, takes some planning and time to set up and remove when it is time for harvest

Removing Moisture 

(https://www.farmmanagement.pro/5-methods-of-manipulating-soil-moisture-levels/)

  • Tillage: Any moisture that’s lingering below the topsoil layer will be brought to the top to dry out or evaporate if fields are hard and without any cracks, for water to drain, tillage can introduce water that would otherwise buildup and flood down into the soil to be drained away
  • Burning: Burning remaining crops or crop residue will reduce moisture levels, will reduce moisture by evaporating it from the soil, also will kill off any pests and even help to combat diseases
  • Deep Draining: deep below fields there will be water networks, wells and maybe even rivers and lakes, when it rains and soil gets too moist, that rainwater will begin to drain down into these networks, by draining these networks you’re making more room for soil moisture in the topsoil of your fields to filter down

Soybeans

  • Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium are the three most important soil supplied nutrients, several other nutrients are important like calcium, magnesium, iron, boron, manganese, zinc, copper, and molybdenum are needed in much lower concentrations and limited to certain environments

pH Levels

Soil Testing